Periodontal Diseases​​

Periodontal diseases, also known as gum diseases or periodontal conditions, are a group of oral health disorders that primarily affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums (gingiva), the periodontal ligament, the bone. These diseases typically result from bacterial infections and inflammation of the gums and supporting tissues

The Types Of Periodontal Diseases​

Gingivitis is the earliest and mildest form of periodontal disease. It is characterized by inflammation of the gingiva (gums) due to the accumulation of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth when sugars and starches in food interact with bacteria in the mouth. Common signs and symptoms of gingivitis include red, swollen, and bleeding gums, especially during brushing and flossing. Gingivitis is usually reversible with proper oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress into periodontitis, which is a more severe and destructive form of gum disease. Periodontitis involves the inflammation and infection of the deeper supporting structures of the teeth, including the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. As periodontitis advances, it can lead to gum recession, pocket formation (spaces between the teeth and gums), and bone loss. Common signs and symptoms of periodontitis include persistent bad breath, tooth mobility, tooth sensitivity, and even tooth loss. Periodontitis requires more intensive treatment, often involving deep cleaning procedures such as scaling and root planing, and in severe cases, surgical interventions.

What Cause Periodontal Diseases​

  1. Poor oral hygiene
  2.  Smoking
  3. Genetic predisposition
  4. Systemic diseases (such as diabetes)
  5. Certain medications
  6. Hormonal changes (as seen in pregnancy and menopause)

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Frequently Asked Questions

We will be as gentle as possible. The periodontal exam can be completed with little or no discomfort.

We will need current periodontal x-rays in order to see disease not otherwise visible. If your referring dentist has taken x-rays, you may request that they be forwarded to us.

Since all patients are different, your periodontist must complete your examination before establishing your treatment planning and the fee for care. The fee for periodontal treatment can vary considerably depending on the type of problems and the complexity and length of treatment. An approximate fee can usually be determined at the initial visit; but on occasion, some initial treatment or further diagnostics must be completed before the final treatment planning can be established. Our philosophy of practice is to treat as conservatively as possible to attain treatment goals.

Dental insurance policies often cover periodontal treatment. Please bring all medical and dental benefit information and cards to your examination appointment.

Not everyone needs periodontal surgery. If treated early, gum disease can be controlled without surgery. We will make recommendations based on your individual situation. Our philosophy of practice is to treat as conservatively as possible to attain treatment goals.

The recent advances in periodontal treatment allow us to successfully treat most teeth.

Our office and your dentist will work closely together. If crowns and fillings are needed your dentist will provide them. Regular visits to your dentist are an important part of periodontal maintenance.

Periodontal disease is a progressive, painless infection. Delay can cause you further bone loss and more expense. If your teeth are lost, dentures are never as effective as your own natural teeth.

After tooth extraction, if the walls of the socket are very thick, they will usually fill naturally with bone in two to three months. However, when the walls of your socket are very thin (such as in your upper and lower front teeth), this type of healing will not be as predictable. In these situations, a bone graft is often placed at the time of tooth extraction to help your body fill in the empty socket with bone. This step will maintain the width and volume of bone you will need for implant placement several months later.

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