Periodontal Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, is a prevalent oral health issue that affects millions of people worldwide. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for periodontal disease.

Causes of Periodontal Disease:

The symptoms of periodontal disease can vary in severity but may include:

Periodontal disease primarily results from the accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth and gums. When plaque is not removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into tartar, which can only be removed by a dental professional. The bacteria in plaque and tartar can irritate the gums and lead to inflammation, the initial stage of gum disease, known as gingivitis.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease:

Treatment Options:

The treatment for periodontal disease depends on its severity. Mild cases can often be managed through improved oral hygiene practices, including regular dental cleanings. More advanced cases may require scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning procedure, or surgical interventions such as gum grafts or pocket reduction surgery.

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